Refractive laser eye surgery, which is performed to eliminate the need to wear glasses or contact lenses, consists of two phases: opening a treatment flap in the cornea, and using a laser to reshape the surface of the cornea according to a patient's specific measurements. The treatment flap is then closed.
A meticulous compatibility examination lasting approximately three hours is crucial for the success of the surgery, and only approximately 70% of patients are found to be suitable candidates.
Some patients whose examinations reveal that they are not suitable candidates for refractive laser eye surgery can still get rid of their glasses via an intraocular lens implant.
Suitable laser surgery candidates are people over the age of 18 whose glasses prescription has been stable for the six months preceding the compatibility examination and who are nearsighted or farsighted and/or have astigmatism.
Treatable vision problems: nearsightedness or myopia (indicated by a -); farsightedness or hyperopia (indicated by a +); cylinder or astigmatism (indicated by an angle); age-related vision problems or presbyopia (indicated by a +).
Possible side effects of all refractive laser eye surgeries include dry eyes and disturbances in vision quality such as blurriness and glare. These symptoms are temporary and usually dissipate within a few weeks.
As we live in an era of rapid, astonishing changes in scientific, technological, and medical knowledge, all of the following aspects of refractive laser eye surgery are crucial: use of state-of-the-art technology; a highly experienced doctor who specializes in refractive laser eye surgery; and ensuring that the patient's expectations are realistic and match the surgery's anticipated outcome.